Pandora Box Has An Answer To Why Women Live Longer Than Men?
Women experience greater stress, more chronic diseases, depression, anxiety and are also victims of violence. In some countries, women have a rare human rights as compared to men. Despite all the barriers and inequalities, women still are on a positive side as they live longer than men.
This is true, irrespective of any country. There is also a wider gender wage gap between men and women yet life expectancy for women is greater than men. Biology can contribute to differences in life expectancy. Women do have biological advantages that enable them to live longer.
For instance, estrogen levels in women help to maintain a low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (or LDL, also known as “bad” cholesterol) and increases high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (or HDL, the “good” cholesterol), which reduces cardiovascular risk. Testosterone present in men, on the contrary, increases blood levels of bad cholesterol and decreases blood levels of good cholesterol.
This increases a great risk of hypertension, heart disease and stroke in men. While women have more chronic diseases, but the thing is most of them are nonfatal. The chronic diseases that confine men and women are different. Taking an illustration in case of arthritis in women, which does not kill even if it disables you. However, men are at higher risk of chronic diseases that are fatal too. In men heart disease starts 10 years earlier than women.
Women are more health aware:
Generally, women are more health conscious than men. They have a higher awareness of their physical as well as mental symptoms. Women also communicate more about their health problems, which helps in diagnosis at early stages. Masculinity is a learned social construct, which can have unhealthy effects. Mostly men define risky behaviors as masculine, while they see health care use as feminine.
Not only does testosterone puts men at health risk, but it also puts men at behavioral risk. It increases aggressiveness, which results in men’s higher death rate from accidents. Women exaggerate risks of any type, while men, on the other hand, underestimate it. Males violate more rules generally, both as a pedestrian and drivers. Also, road accidents such as motor vehicle crashes are more common among men than women.
This is partly due to men’s greater risk-taking, sensation-seeking, adventure seeking tendencies to be more impulsive. These risks can be related to almost any task in real life.Substance use is also more frequent among men than women.
In a 2011 study, men were 2.2 times more likely to indulge in drugs than women. Men with drug addictions seek lesser care than women do. Also, men drive under the influence of drugs and more often than women. Men are responsible for four out of every five cases of driving under the influence of either drug or alcohol.
This may be due to their sensation-seeking tendency. Thus if men can control their behavior, they also can have higher life expectancy rates.
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